September 15, 2021

Volume 143, Issue 36

Pages 14415-14936

Transition-Metal Dichalcogenide Artificial Antibodies with Multivalent Polymeric Recognition Phases for Rapid Detection and Inactivation of Pathogens

Antibodies are recognition molecules that can bind to diverse targets ranging from pathogens to small analytes with high binding affinity and specificity, making them widely employed for sensing and therapy. However, antibodies have limitations of low stability, long production time, short shelf life, and high cost. Here, we report a facile approach for the design of luminescent artificial antibodies with nonbiological polymeric recognition phases for the sensitive detection, rapid identification, and effective inactivation of pathogenic bacteria. Transition-metal dichalcogenide (TMD) nanosheets with a neutral dextran phase at the interfaces selectively recognized S. aureus, whereas the nanosheets bearing a carboxymethylated dextran phase selectively recognized E. coli O157:H7 with high binding affinity. The bacterial binding sites recognized by the artificial antibodies were thoroughly identified by experiments and molecular dynamics simulations, revealing the significance of their multivalent interactions with the bacterial membrane components for selective recognition. The luminescent WS2 artificial antibodies could rapidly detect the bacteria at a single copy from human serum without any purification and amplification. Moreover, the MoSe2 artificial antibodies selectively killed the pathogenic bacteria in the wounds of infected mice under light irradiation, leading to effective wound healing. This work demonstrates the potential of TMD artificial antibodies as an alternative to antibodies for sensing and therapy.

  • Sin Lee
  • Tae Woog Kang
  • In-Jun Hwang
  • Hye-In Kim
  • Su-Ji Jeon
  • DaBin Yim
  • Chanhee Choi
  • Wooic Son
  • Hyunsung Kim
  • Chul-Su Yang
  • Hwankyu Lee
  • Jong-Ho Kim

Journal of the American Chemical Society | Vol 143, No 36 (

Image created by minjeong Kim / Nanosphere